Scarlet Sage or Salvia Coccinea is one of the type of Sage plant
Salvia coccinea, the blood sage, scarlet sage, Texas sage, or tropical sage, is a herbaceous perennial in the family Lamiaceae.
Scarlet sage is not sown immediately in open ground. It is better to germinate salvia seeds at room conditions and transplant already grown seedlings of the plant into the ground. Salvia needs to be sown in February – early March. Put a layer of drainage in a shallow container, and then a layer of loose soil. Moisten the soil well. Sprinkle seeds over the surface of the substrate and gently press them with your hand. Place the container in the greenhouse or cover with foil until germination occurs. Regularly moisten the soil with a spray gun.
When 2-3 leaves appear on the sprouts, dive the seedlings, planting at a distance of 5 cm from each other. After 20-25 days, seedlings are planted in separate pots. Salvia seedlings can be planted in open ground only after the threat of frost has finally passed, in late April – early May.
How to grow and care Scarlet Sage from seeds to flower in pots. You can find answers in this useful video.
Salvia or Sage is the largest genus of plants in the mint family.
The common modern English name sage derives from Middle English sawge, which was borrowed from Old French sauge, and like the botanical name, stems from Latin salvere. When used without modifiers, the name ‘sage’ generally refers to Salvia officinalis (“common sage” or “culinary sage”); however, it is used with modifiers to refer to any member of the genus. The ornamental species are commonly referred to by their genus name Salvia.
Depending on the type and variety, Salvia can grow to a height of 30 cm to 1.5 m; stems are four-sided, leaves are opposite in pairs; flowers can be of different shapes and colors: red, lilac, blue, yellow, purple, white or pink.
Landing of Salvia
It is difficult to give General recommendations for growing Salvia, because this plant has many species that differ so much: some like the sun, the second-shade, the third-partial shade, some are drought-resistant, others like moist soil, and so on. But despite this, there are many similarities between the species. So, all cold-resistant Salvia equally well feel not only in partial shade, but also in the sun. Heat-loving species, on the contrary, can grow normally only in Sunny areas, they are not so demanding of soil moisture and are more drought-resistant, take this into account during planting.
When choosing a place to plant, remember that all of them, regardless of the type, prefer to grow on light sandy soils, relatively rich in humus. And, I almost forgot, salvias are very easy to cross with each other, which is why they are not suitable for further propagation by seeds. Therefore, try to place the different types of Salvia as far away from each other as possible.
How to grow indoor Sage plant
Reproduction of Salvia
Perennial Salvia species are very easily propagated by semi-woody cuttings. Moreover, it can be held throughout the season. To do this, cut cuttings about 15 cm long. Root them in a container of water, slightly shielding them from sunlight. The roots should appear after 14-16 days, and they can be planted just a week after the appearance of the roots. Still, Salvia is very easy to propagate by air layering: just press the twig to the ground, fixing it with a metal bracket, and in a few months new roots will appear on the stem. After the roots are formed on the twig, it can be cut off from the main Bush and put in a new place.
All species of Salvia are perfectly propagated by seeds. Towards the end of October, they are sown on small beds. In the spring, young plants are planted in a permanent place. You can also sow Salvia seeds in the spring — in early March. To do this, small containers are filled with light nutritious soil (a universal soil mix for seedlings is suitable). As soon as the seedlings get a couple of real leaves, they are dived (transplanted) into pots with a diameter of about 7 cm.
Somewhere in the middle of April, the seedlings begin to slowly harden, for which they are taken out to the greenhouse. In the open ground, strengthened seedlings can be planted only in early June — young sage plants are very afraid of even small frosts.
How to prune Sage
Caring for Salvia
All types do not tolerate stagnation of moisture in the soil — do not overdo it with watering. Growing Salvia as a perennial, be prepared for the fact that the plant needs shaping prunings, thanks to which you can give it any desired shape.
Pruning will not only help to form the desired shape of the Bush, but will also allow plants not to get naked and not stretch out, stimulate mass growth of shoots, the Bush will become even more beautiful and lush. Throughout the flowering season, try to remove faded inflorescences in a timely manner.