You can easily grow fig tree indoor, but it is important to know how to properly prepare the place and choose the soil for planting. To get a good crop, you need to provide the plant with the necessary care. Particular attention should be paid to pruning.
Trimming must be done very carefully, as over-trimming branches can trigger a thickening of the crown. Complete or partial removal of branches frees the fruit tree from shoots that put the plant in danger.
Fig Tree Care: Crown Forming and Pruning
Figs are a fruit heat-loving plant of the Mulberry family. There are other names for figs: fig tree, wineberry, Smyrna berry, etc. One of the most important measures for caring for figs at home is pruning. This allows you to remove dry twigs.
Anti-aging pruning of figs will give the tree new strength. Autumn pruning is carried out in regions with mild cold, otherwise frost can lead to freezing of the bark and drying out of the wood. In the northern regions, this event is held only in the spring. When caring for figs, not only shaping and rejuvenating pruning is used, but also regulatory, restorative and sanitary.
What will happen if you do not trim the tree?
Fruit trees need to be able to prune properly. If you do not carry out this event at all or perform it incorrectly, then this can cause a reduction in fruiting.
If you do not control the growth of shoots, then they will thicken the crown, reduce the illumination of the branches with fruits.
As a result, they will receive an insufficient amount of nutrients, which will affect the decrease in yield and the improper formation of skeletal branches.
In addition, the procedure should be carried out on time. This will avoid the many problems that usually arise during the period of growth and fruiting. When pruning according to all the rules, figs will grow well and bear fruit.
How to prune a tree?
Particular attention should be paid to pruning. In the southern regions, pruning is performed 2 times a year – in autumn and spring. Depending on the shape of the fig bush, a crown is formed. In the bush-shaped figs, for the first two years, a pair of main branches are left with a stem length of about 40 cm
The formation of the crown of the stem tree is carried out from 3-4 main branches, but the length of the stem should be within 60 cm. The cut points should be covered with tree-pruning paste to prevent infection from spreading.
Forming pruning is performed in the first year. You need to select the main strong branch from a young tree and cut the rest to the base. A year later, cut a branch located at a height of about 1.3 meters into a bud. The result is a half-stem form, and skeletal branches will form in the spring. In the third year, the branches are half cut outward.
Video about the correct fig tree pruning and propagation
In the future, after the formation of the tree skeleton, pruning is not required, with the exception of unsuccessfully growing branches. It is recommended to pinch growths in summer, this will avoid the growth of the tree in height. The fruit plant is insulated or covered with ground in winter.
Pruning indoor figs is performed in the fall, after the plant has dropped its leaves. If this does not happen, then put the pot in a dark place and reduce watering. Summer shoots are shortened by 10-20 cm above the outer bud. In order to prevent the shoots from lacking light, a houseplant is shaped like a fan.
First, pinch the plant bud at the top, and then shoots that are directed inside the crown are removed. All sections are performed on the bud. With anti-aging pruning, half of the old branches are shortened to two buds. Next year, cut the other half.
The young plant needs an annual transplant. Perform this event only if the roots will completely fill the volume of the container. Topdressing is carried out systematically from the beginning of awakening to the moment of ripening. As a top dressing, both mineral and organic fertilizers are used.
In the summer, the trunk and leaves are sprayed with warm water, and in hot weather, plentiful watering is carried out. At rest, watering is reduced. Usually, peace lasts about two months. At this time, the tree is transferred to a cool place. These are the main measures for caring for figs. With their correct and timely implementation, you can achieve a good harvest.
Fig Tree In The Bible. Why Jesus cursed the fig tree?
The Bible often mentions a fig tree. It is the only tree mentioned among the many trees that grew in the Garden of Eden.
That is why Adam and Eve made their clothes from the leaves of the fig tree after they tasted the forbidden fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil.
Jesus cursed the fig tree because she did not feed Him. But it makes deeper sense.
Fruits appear on this tree first and then only leaves grow. The appearance of leaves means the onset of summer. Naturally, a tree with leaves but no fruit is reprehensible. At the same time it is necessary to know that in the time of Christ all scientific conversations were carried out in a foreign sense.
In addition, the teacher or religious figure could indicate an event or concept by his or her actions, which also have symbolic significance.
Therefore, the act of Christ, who cursed the barren fig tree, has symbolic significance.
By the Barren Fig Tree, the Savior meant the people of Israel.
In the Bible, the fig tree is recognized as a symbol of affluence and blessing.
The ancient Jews under this tree prayed daily. It was strictly forbidden to destroy figs.
Thus, the parable of the fig tree speaks of the people of Israel, who, despite being prepared, did not accept the new faith. Christ cursed the fig tree pointed out that in the future God will cease to consider Jews his elected people
In addition, the Savior compared His appearance with the summer, at the onset of which figs dissolve leaves. This is the true explanation for why Jesus cursed the fig tree.
Christ cursed the fig tree, acted as God, not as a man.
Israel had a treaty with God – the Old Testament, prophets, kings and judges. That is why he had to accept the faith of Christ before all other people. He did not, although the Savior himself came to his land and preached there for three years.
That is why Christ cursed the fig tree, from which He found no fruit, as He did not find faith in the people of Israel.