Orchids. Home care rules
Since, orchids are mostly native to rainforests. This wet habitat is difficult to simulate at home. Now on sale there are decorative showcases, also suitable for window sills. They create an optimal climate for flowers.
Exotic plants feel comfortable even without a glass cabinet on the windowsill if they are sprayed with warm water once a day. It is enough if the leaves and aerial roots get a light damp haze. A bathroom that has relatively high humidity during showering and bathing is especially suitable for plant living. If the bathroom has a window, then for an orchid these are almost ideal conditions.
For the good development of orchids, you must adhere to certain rules according to the care calendar:
January. Due to the constant darkness and cold temperatures, most orchids will rest or bloom again this month. Accordingly, the fertilizer can be fertilized at most once a month, and watering must be adapted to low temperatures and orchid species. Orchids with very pronounced resting times are not fertilized and hardly watered, and during this time the orchids should not be sprayed as much as possible, otherwise it can easily lead to decay. Despite the low temperature, you should not do without regular ventilation, otherwise fungi and bacteria easily appear. During this very cold month, you need to keep a close eye on the night temperatures around orchids.
February. The main flowering period of orchids continues this month. Climatically, the month practically does not differ from January, therefore the described precautions apply to this period as well. At the end of the month, the sun recovers its strength, the days get longer, and some orchids reward them by starting to grow. In this case, water and fertilizer are gradually increased. Good weather should always be used for ventilation; this is the best defense against bacteria, fungi and other pests. Irrigation water should be at least at ambient temperature, but warm water is very well accepted by plants. Orchids that have started growing in winter can be replanted at the end of the month if needed.
March. For most orchids, the growth time begins and the need for nutrients increases. The amount of water for irrigation should be increased and the application of fertilizing should also be added every 2–3 weeks. Orchids can now be replanted. Due to winter, orchids are weakened and therefore very susceptible to spider mites and sucking insects, which are now active again. In addition, now is the best time to separate the babies from the mother plant. In general, spring is a busy time for orchids.
April. Flowers are in full bloom this month and orchids are growing vigorously. Plants can be easily sprayed regularly in the morning. Sun-sensitive orchids like Phalaenopsis must now be protected from the midday sun. Avoid moving the flower to different locations weekly, but twice a year is normal for plants. Fertilization can be increased further as the flower grows. For specimens especially sensitive to salt, even fertilizers can be dosed for them in half as much as on the package.
May. It should be remembered that plants need to gradually get used to direct morning or evening sunlight, otherwise they can easily burn out. J
June and July. These months are distinguished by three basic rules of care: fresh air, watering, fertilization. In June and July, orchids can get very hot during the day, so you should ventilate the room vigorously. All orchids now need a lot of water. You also need regular fertilization. Spray the plants lightly once a day in summer. The best time to do this is in the evening, as orchids easily get sunburn from the daytime sun. Pay attention to protection from direct sunlight.
August. During this time of year, orchids should stand by an open window as often as possible (even at night). Some species stop growing at too high temperatures. Watering and fertilization should be kept at a high level, as in the previous two months.
September. Now that it’s cooler at night, don’t leave your orchids by an open window. The beginning of autumn provides another opportunity for replanting orchids. The amount of fertilizer and watering should be reduced by the end of the month.
October. Due to the preparation for flowering and the lack of light, it can happen that old leaves turn yellow and fall off. Fertilizer and water supplies must be further reduced and thus adapted to falling temperatures.
November. Many orchids are now starting to rest. Water and fertilizer for flowers with rest periods should be further reduced. The smaller the growth of the orchid, the less the need for both. Plants should receive more light and water during rest. At the beginning of the heating season, humidity increases. Special attention should be paid to spider mites, which can appear on the roots of a plant due to increased moisture.
December. In December, many orchids are grateful for their good care with abundant flowering. But this particular month is the most problematic in terms of lighting conditions. Orchids should now be getting enough light. Due to its lack, some plants drop flowers. A bright place or artificial lighting helps here. Orchids that are resting can only receive a little water without fertilization. In particular, humidity must now be controlled and can be increased with humidifiers or water bowls.
In their homeland, orchids know only diffused light. The shade from tall trees mostly protects them from the sun’s rays. Therefore, the sun should not shine brightly on the plants. The morning and evening sun is usually easily tolerated by orchids. But the midday heat in mid-summer causes leaf burns. Dark spots on foliage are typical sunburn damage. Do not expose your orchid to direct sunlight. Ideally, place the orchid on an east or west windowsill to avoid the bright midday sun. A north window will also work, but only if it is not also exposed to bright sunlight.